React — создание приложения на React пример

Настройка локальной среды разработки.

$npm i -g create-react-app

создадим каталог для приложений React

$mkdir Projects
$cd Projects
$create-react-app react-quiz

Столкнулся с ошибкой выполнения скрипта под Windows 10

create-react-app : Невозможно загрузить файл C:\Users\andre\AppData\Roaming\npm\create-react-app.ps1, так как выполнени
е сценариев отключено в этой системе. Для получения дополнительных сведений см. about_Execution_Policies по адресу http
s:/go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=135170.
строка:1 знак:1
+ create-react-app react-quiz
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+ CategoryInfo : Ошибка безопасности: (:) [], PSSecurityException
+ FullyQualifiedErrorId : UnauthorizedAccess

Решение проблемы запуска :

  1. запускаем PowerShell от имени Администратора и даем команду
  2. Set-ExecutionPolicy -ExecutionPolicy unrestricted
Изменение политики выполнения
Политика выполнения защищает компьютер от ненадежных сценариев. Изменение политики выполнения может поставить под
угрозу безопасность системы, как описано в разделе справки, вызываемом командой about_Execution_Policies и
расположенном по адресу https:/go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=135170 . Вы хотите изменить политику выполнения?
[Y] Да - Y [A] Да для всех - A [N] Нет - N [L] Нет для всех - L [S] Приостановить - S [?] Справка
(значением по умолчанию является "N"):Y

После этого уже спокойно можно выполнить скрипт, например, из терминала VisualStudioCode

create-react-app  react-quiz

Installing packages. This might take a couple of minutes.
Installing react, react-dom, and react-scripts with cra-template...

yarn add v1.21.1
[1/4] Resolving packages...
[2/4] Fetching packages...
info fsevents@1.2.12: The platform "win32" is incompatible with this module.
info "fsevents@1.2.12" is an optional dependency and failed compatibility check. Excluding it from installation.
info fsevents@2.1.2: The platform "win32" is incompatible with this module.
info "fsevents@2.1.2" is an optional dependency and failed compatibility check. Excluding it from installation.
[3/4] Linking dependencies...
warning "react-scripts > @typescript-eslint/eslint-plugin > tsutils@3.17.1" has unmet peer dependency "typescript@>=2.8.0 || >= 3.2.0-dev || >= 3.3.0-dev || >= 3.4.0-dev || >= 3.5.0-dev || >= 3.6.0-dev || >= 3.6.0-beta || >= 3.7.0-dev || >= 3.7.0-beta".
[4/4] Building fresh packages...
success Saved lockfile.
warning Your current version of Yarn is out of date. The latest version is "1.22.5", while you're on "1.21.1".
info To upgrade, run the following command:
$ curl --compressed -o- -L https://yarnpkg.com/install.sh | bash
success Saved 22 new dependencies.
info Direct dependencies
├─ cra-template@1.0.3
├─ react-dom@16.14.0
├─ react-scripts@3.4.3
└─ react@16.14.0
info All dependencies
├─ @babel/plugin-syntax-typescript@7.10.4
├─ @babel/plugin-transform-flow-strip-types@7.9.0
├─ @babel/plugin-transform-runtime@7.9.0
├─ @babel/plugin-transform-typescript@7.12.0
├─ @babel/preset-typescript@7.9.0
├─ babel-preset-react-app@9.1.2
├─ cra-template@1.0.3
├─ eslint-config-react-app@5.2.1
├─ html-entities@1.3.1
├─ loglevel@1.7.0
├─ portfinder@1.0.28
├─ react-dev-utils@10.2.1
├─ react-dom@16.14.0
├─ react-error-overlay@6.0.7
├─ react-scripts@3.4.3
├─ react@16.14.0
├─ scheduler@0.19.1
├─ serialize-javascript@4.0.0
├─ sockjs@0.3.20
├─ spdy@4.0.2
├─ terser-webpack-plugin@2.3.8
└─ webpack-dev-server@3.11.0
Done in 81.70s.
Git repo not initialized Error: Command failed: git --version
at checkExecSyncError (child_process.js:611:11)
at execSync (child_process.js:647:15)
at tryGitInit (C:\Projects\react-quiz\node_modules\react-scripts\scripts\init.js:46:5)
at module.exports (C:\Projects\react-quiz\node_modules\react-scripts\scripts\init.js:266:7)
at [eval]:3:14
at Script.runInThisContext (vm.js:120:20)
at Object.runInThisContext (vm.js:311:38)
at Object.<anonymous> ([eval]-wrapper:10:26)
at Module._compile (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:1151:30)
at evalScript (internal/process/execution.js:94:25) {
status: 1,
signal: null,
output: [ null, null, null ],
pid: 14816,
stdout: null,
stderr: null
}

Installing template dependencies using yarnpkg...
yarn add v1.21.1
[1/4] Resolving packages...
warning @testing-library/react > @types/testing-library__react > @types/testing-library__dom@7.5.0: This is a stub types definition. testing-library__dom provides its own type definitions, so you do not need this installed.
[2/4] Fetching packages...
info fsevents@2.1.2: The platform "win32" is incompatible with this module.
info "fsevents@2.1.2" is an optional dependency and failed compatibility check. Excluding it from installation.
info fsevents@1.2.12: The platform "win32" is incompatible with this module.
info "fsevents@1.2.12" is an optional dependency and failed compatibility check. Excluding it from installation.
[3/4] Linking dependencies...
warning "react-scripts > @typescript-eslint/eslint-plugin > tsutils@3.17.1" has unmet peer dependency "typescript@>=2.8.0 || >= 3.2.0-dev || >= 3.3.0-dev || >= 3.4.0-dev || >= 3.5.0-dev || >= 3.6.0-dev || >= 3.6.0-beta || >= 3.7.0-dev || >= 3.7.0-beta".
warning " > @testing-library/user-event@7.2.1" has unmet peer dependency "@testing-library/dom@>=5".
[4/4] Building fresh packages...
success Saved lockfile.
success Saved 23 new dependencies.
info Direct dependencies
├─ @testing-library/jest-dom@4.2.4
├─ @testing-library/react@9.5.0
├─ @testing-library/user-event@7.2.1
├─ react-dom@16.14.0
└─ react@16.14.0
info All dependencies
├─ @babel/runtime-corejs3@7.12.0
├─ @sheerun/mutationobserver-shim@0.3.3
├─ @testing-library/dom@6.16.0
├─ @testing-library/jest-dom@4.2.4
├─ @testing-library/react@9.5.0
├─ @testing-library/user-event@7.2.1
├─ @types/aria-query@4.2.0
├─ @types/prop-types@15.7.3
├─ @types/react-dom@16.9.8
├─ @types/react@16.9.52
├─ @types/testing-library__dom@7.5.0
├─ @types/testing-library__react@9.1.3
├─ aria-query@4.2.2
├─ css.escape@1.5.1
├─ csstype@3.0.3
├─ dom-accessibility-api@0.3.0
├─ lz-string@1.4.4
├─ min-indent@1.0.1
├─ react-dom@16.14.0
├─ react@16.14.0
├─ redent@3.0.0
├─ strip-indent@3.0.0
└─ wait-for-expect@3.0.2
Done in 28.20s.
Removing template package using yarnpkg...

yarn remove v1.21.1
[1/2] Removing module cra-template...
[2/2] Regenerating lockfile and installing missing dependencies...
info fsevents@2.1.2: The platform "win32" is incompatible with this module.
info "fsevents@2.1.2" is an optional dependency and failed compatibility check. Excluding it from installation.
info fsevents@1.2.12: The platform "win32" is incompatible with this module.
info "fsevents@1.2.12" is an optional dependency and failed compatibility check. Excluding it from installation.
warning " > @testing-library/user-event@7.2.1" has unmet peer dependency "@testing-library/dom@>=5".
warning "react-scripts > @typescript-eslint/eslint-plugin > tsutils@3.17.1" has unmet peer dependency "typescript@>=2.8.0 || >= 3.2.0-dev || >= 3.3.0-dev || >= 3.4.0-dev || >= 3.5.0-dev || >= 3.6.0-dev || >= 3.6.0-beta || >= 3.7.0-dev || >= 3.7.0-beta".
success Uninstalled packages.
Done in 19.60s.

Success! Created react-quiz at C:\Projects\react-quiz
Inside that directory, you can run several commands:

yarn start
Starts the development server.

yarn build
Bundles the app into static files for production.

yarn test
Starts the test runner.

yarn eject
Removes this tool and copies build dependencies, configuration files
and scripts into the app directory. If you do this, you can’t go back!

We suggest that you begin by typing:

cd react-quiz
yarn start

Happy hacking!

Открываем папку проекта в Visual Studio

Visual Studio

Открываем консоль <CTRL>+<J> и выполняем команду:

$ yarn eject
yarn run v1.21.1
$ react-scripts eject
NOTE: Create React App 2+ supports TypeScript, Sass, CSS Modules and more without ejecting: https://reactjs.org/blog/2018/10/01/create-react-app-v2.html

? Are you sure you want to eject? This action is permanent. Yes
Ejecting...

Copying files into C:\Projects\react-quiz
Adding \config\env.js to the project
Adding \config\getHttpsConfig.js to the project
Adding \config\modules.js to the project
Adding \config\paths.js to the project
Adding \config\pnpTs.js to the project
Adding \config\webpack.config.js to the project
Adding \config\webpackDevServer.config.js to the project
Adding \config\jest\cssTransform.js to the project
Adding \config\jest\fileTransform.js to the project
Adding \scripts\build.js to the project
Adding \scripts\start.js to the project
Adding \scripts\test.js to the project

Updating the dependencies
Removing react-scripts from dependencies
Adding @babel/core to dependencies
Adding @svgr/webpack to dependencies
Adding @typescript-eslint/eslint-plugin to dependencies
Adding @typescript-eslint/parser to dependencies
Adding babel-eslint to dependencies
Adding babel-jest to dependencies
Adding babel-loader to dependencies
Adding babel-plugin-named-asset-import to dependencies
Adding babel-preset-react-app to dependencies
Adding camelcase to dependencies
Adding case-sensitive-paths-webpack-plugin to dependencies
Adding css-loader to dependencies
Adding dotenv to dependencies
Adding dotenv-expand to dependencies
Adding eslint to dependencies
Adding eslint-config-react-app to dependencies
Adding eslint-loader to dependencies
Adding eslint-plugin-flowtype to dependencies
Adding eslint-plugin-import to dependencies
Adding eslint-plugin-jsx-a11y to dependencies
Adding eslint-plugin-react to dependencies
Adding eslint-plugin-react-hooks to dependencies
Adding file-loader to dependencies
Adding fs-extra to dependencies
Adding html-webpack-plugin to dependencies
Adding identity-obj-proxy to dependencies
Adding jest to dependencies
Adding jest-environment-jsdom-fourteen to dependencies
Adding jest-resolve to dependencies
Adding jest-watch-typeahead to dependencies
Adding mini-css-extract-plugin to dependencies
Adding optimize-css-assets-webpack-plugin to dependencies
Adding pnp-webpack-plugin to dependencies
Adding postcss-flexbugs-fixes to dependencies
Adding postcss-loader to dependencies
Adding postcss-normalize to dependencies
Adding postcss-preset-env to dependencies
Adding postcss-safe-parser to dependencies
Adding react-app-polyfill to dependencies
Adding react-dev-utils to dependencies
Adding resolve to dependencies
Adding resolve-url-loader to dependencies
Adding sass-loader to dependencies
Adding semver to dependencies
Adding style-loader to dependencies
Adding terser-webpack-plugin to dependencies
Adding ts-pnp to dependencies
Adding url-loader to dependencies
Adding webpack to dependencies
Adding webpack-dev-server to dependencies
Adding webpack-manifest-plugin to dependencies
Adding workbox-webpack-plugin to dependencies

Updating the scripts
Replacing "react-scripts start" with "node scripts/start.js"
Replacing "react-scripts build" with "node scripts/build.js"
Replacing "react-scripts test" with "node scripts/test.js"

Configuring package.json
Adding Jest configuration
Adding Babel preset

Running yarn...
[1/4] Resolving packages...
[2/4] Fetching packages...
info fsevents@1.2.12: The platform "win32" is incompatible with this module.
info "fsevents@1.2.12" is an optional dependency and failed compatibility check. Excluding it from installation.
info fsevents@2.1.2: The platform "win32" is incompatible with this module.
info "fsevents@2.1.2" is an optional dependency and failed compatibility check. Excluding it from installation.
[3/4] Linking dependencies...
warning " > @testing-library/user-event@7.2.1" has unmet peer dependency "@testing-library/dom@>=5".
warning "@typescript-eslint/eslint-plugin > tsutils@3.17.1" has unmet peer dependency "typescript@>=2.8.0 || >= 3.2.0-dev || >= 3.3.0-dev || >= 3.4.0-dev || >= 3.5.0-dev || >= 3.6.0-dev || >= 3.6.0-beta || >= 3.7.0-dev || >= 3.7.0-beta".
[4/4] Building fresh packages...
success Saved lockfile.
Ejected successfully!

fatal: not a git repository (or any of the parent directories): .git
Staged ejected files for commit.

Please consider sharing why you ejected in this survey:
http://goo.gl/forms/Bi6CZjk1EqsdelXk1

Done in 29.42s.

Для того, чтобы пользоваться различными  нативными конфигурациями webpackа, которые есть в create-react-app и пользоваться css-модулями.

Затем

$ yarn install
yarn install v1.21.1
[1/4] Resolving packages...
success Already up-to-date.
Done in 1.12s.

Чтобы обновить список зависимостей и наконец запускаем приложение командой

$ yarn start

Теперь немного почистим вновь созданный проект.

Удаляем в папке src файл App.test.js (тесты пока делать не будем), также удаляем logo.svg, App.css и в принципе все.

Теперь в index.js у нас есть база которая нас интересует, у нас рендерится App компонент.

Убираем в App.js строки:

import logo from './logo.svg';
import './App.css';
и очистим целиком раздел с кодом приложения, добавляя строку для проверки Hello React
    <div className="App">
      <h1>Hello React</h1>
    </div>
Видим в окне браузера надпись Hello React. Поздравляю, вы создали первое простейшее приложение на ReactJS.

Создание компонента Layout

Создаем компонент, который будет содержать разметку всего нашего приложения. Это будет компонент высокого порядка, поэтому создаем его в папке hoc
В ней создаем подпапку Layout и в ней уже файл Layout.js.
Опубликовано
В рубрике Web